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+977-9841600441 boldadventuresnepal@gmail.com

Experience the Magic of Tiji Festival in Upper Mustang

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Tour Facts

  • Duration: 20 days
  • Best Time: May
  • Altitude: 3,850m
  • Trip Grade: Moderate
  • Group Size: 3+

Tour Overview

Tiji Festival Information:

Tiji Festival is an annual three-day festival consisting of Tibetian rituals indigenous to Lo Manthang, Upper Mustang. Tigi originates from the word “Ten Che” which means “hope of Buddhism prevailing in the world of peace”. This festival is celebrated according to the Tibetan Calendar. Tiji Festival is a purification ritual that takes place at the beginning of the Harvest season. This festival is praised in Lo Manthang which is otherwise called the Capital of Lo Kingdom. It is a festival that brings bliss, hope, and light of brightness in a more promising time to occupants or locals of the Mustang region. It is a blissful ceremony that reflects the social personality of Nepali society and Nepali people.

History Of Tiji Festival

The history of the Mustang Tiji Festival goes back to the 17th Century. Mustang was an independent kingdom with close ties with Tibet. The king of Mustang Samdup Rabten invited Sakya Trizin Ngawang Kunga Sinam in Lo Manthang. During Sakya’s stay in Lo Manthang, he performed a special Vajrakila ritual. The ritual advocates the well-being of the Mustang, destroying all negative influencers.

The ritual celebrates the victory of Dorje Jono over the demon. The monks of Chhode monastery have inherited this ancient practice over centuries as they perform rituals every year. The name of this ritual first emerged from the Buddhist term Tenpa Chirim. Early in the 8th Century AD, Buddhist masters from Nepal Padmasambhava, Vimalamitra, and Shilamnju. However, they were responsible for introducing this practice in Tibet. Padmasambhava even contributed to some crucial steps in a sacred dance of Vajrakila at Samye monastery in Tibet.

Later, There was substantial evidence of Vajrakila practiced in Tibet across centuries. Therefore, It is surprising that Tiji Festival survived hundreds of years and is still in practice.

Rituals Of Tiji Festival

Tiji festival is celebrated for three days performing various activities with meaningful things connected. The day-wise activities of the festival are explained below:

 First Day of Tiji Festival:

On this first day, Monks along with the offerings gather around in Chhode Gompa monastery during the morning time. During the afternoon, they unveil a 400-year-old hand-embroidered “Thanka” painting of Padmasambhava along with his two dakinis. The monks welcome the art by sounds of drums, Cymbals, and long Copper horns. They offer six bowls of grain and torma served on a wooden altar along with that Esteemed monks sitting beneath the Thanka.

The king sits in his private room. To make attention to him, Tsowo(lead dancer) along with other monks dances and moves downstairs, where the rest of the audience is waiting for them. They dance with consisting of around 52 steps. Tsowo guides his performers through gestures and notions. The whole scene will be lit up with sounds, colors, and aromas. By this, the First day ends and marks pieces of information for the rest of the festival.

Second Day:

On the second day, a similar routine of monks gathers in the square of the monastery and chants the Vajrakila prayers and offerings. Then, they introduce a large “thanka” painting and place it near the previous one. They dance aggressively with weapons in animal forms which has also a core meaning in it. After that, Tsowo releases a dagger symbolizing the end of the evil then fires a knife at a straw statue and tosses it up in the air. Similarly, Tsowo re-enacts the slaying of demon/evil and end their second day with the performance.


On the third day, Like before they gather in the square of the monastery and make offerings and prayers to Vajrakila. Same as the second day, they perform dances in animal forms also and The Tsowo caters to special nectar as blessings from gods. After that, dancers lead the way to escort the king and his family to Khenpo. In conclusion, they exchange greetings to Khenpo and the rest of the monks. Along with that people burn down the dummy of the devil with ceremonial destructions. By this, Tiji Festival ends with offerings and blessings.

Tour Highlights

  • 9 days of trekking in Upper Mustang
  • 3 days in Lo-mantang at the Tiji festival
  • Colourful Buddhist shrines and temple
  • Views of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna along the Kali Ghandaki river


Day 1Arrival in Kathmandu 1340m. Overnight at Hotel

Day 2Full day Sightseeing tour around Kathmandu valley 1340m. Overnight at Hotel

Day 3Fly from Kathmandu to Pokhara 820m/ 5 to 6 hours

Day 4Fly from Pokhara to Jomsom 2720m and trek to Kagbeni 2800m/3-4 hours

Day 5Trek from Kagbeni to Chhuksang 3100m/5-6 hours. Overnight at Lodge

Day 6Trek from Chhuksang to Ghiling 3570m/7-8 hours via Chukchi Cave. Overnight at Lodge

Day 7Trek from Ghiling to Drakmar 3450m/5-6 hours. Overnight at Lodge

Day 8Trek from Drakmar to Lo-Manthang 3840m/6-7 hours via Ghar Gompa and Marang-La Pass.

Day 9First day observe Tenji Festival Lo-Manthang 3840m. Overnight at Lodge

Day 10Second day observes Tenji Festival Lo-Manthang 3840m. Overnight at Lodge

Day 11Final observe Tenji Festival Lo-Manthang 3840m. Overnight at Lodge

Day 12Trek Lo Manthang (3750m) to Yara (3580m) 5-6 hours

Day 13Rest Day at Yara visit Luri Gompa. Overnight at Lodge

Day 14Trek Yara to Tange (3320) 5-6 hours. Overnight at Lodge

Day 15Trek Tange (3320) to Chhuksang (3310m) 9 – 10 hours

Day 16Trek from Chhusang to Muktinath 3,710 m / 6-7 hours

Day 17Trek Muktinath to Jomsom 2720m/5 hours. Overnight at Lodge

Day 18Fly from Jomsom to Pokhara 820m and rest time at Pokhara. Overnight at hotel

Day 19Drive back Pokhara to Kathmandu 1340m/5-6 hours. Overnight at Hotel

Day 20Final departure from Kathmandu